Building Psycho Capital to Make New India

Prof. Rajvir Sharma12Prime Minster is consistently focusing on creating and using psycho capital for transforming the modes and means of governance to make a new India along with the help of economic reforms and pro-poor policies. On the other side, the opposition is continually making vitriolic negative commentary on whatever the Prime Minister does or says  to preach or act unconventionally in order to make a difference to the quality of life of the people of the country, especially the downtrodden, the kisan, the labourer who deserve a chance to stand on his own through his own will and efforts with confidence when they can and ask for direct intervention of the state only where it is not possible to rise with self-help.. The opposition on the other hand is trying its level best to push the government back to the traditional regime of subsidies, doles and loan waivers and so on.

The old order of governance has produced a culture of putting the poor in the position of a client and the state and the political class into the position of a patron. The new path of making poor self-reliant by increasing their income through sustainable means is what is new in approach to tackle poverty, unemployment, access to health and education for all in an equitable and affordable manner today. The policy of state determined and state led change based on creating a huge class of beneficiaries of state sponsored charities created vested political interest of gaining and retaining power and legitimacy is an open secret of the past 60-70 years.

This situation of dependency relationship and of a formal political democracy need to be altered for the sake of an India that is a vibrant social and economic democracy in letter and spirit. For this to happen, It is imperative to build psycho capital and use it for moulding the thinking of every one beginning from the youth to the women, the kisans, the worker, the industrialist, the businessman etc to become not only a part of the change, but be change itself by being the engine of development of all with sense of dignity and pride That calls for a total overhaul of individual and collective psyche of the nation.


The concept of new India has been brought to the centre stage implying thereby that India must prepare itself for an intellectual, social and Cultural Revolution in order to shed its image of a poor, backward, dependent, client state on the global map. Its message is that we, as people, shall have to be prepared to mould and adapt to the new philosophy of change-oriented politics and governance as envisioned by the transformational leaders and modernize, if not totally abjure the age old politics based on parochial considerations of caste, creed, region, religion and so on. The Prime Minister of India is strenuously focusing on creating a new socio-political culture that could nurture a vibrant and developed nation in a holistic sense.

While India should have all elements of modernity in matters of governance touching upon values, structures, methods and practices involved in shaping the social, political and economic systems of our country, the relevance of India’s traditional social and economic values of compassion, love, helping the poor, kindness, justice etc need not be ignored for ushering in a self-initiated and humane change.

New India campaign of the BJP led NDA can also be seen in the context of not only globalization, liberalization and privatization across nations, but also in the context of changing power games in the international political arena, regional and global both. India is being recognized as an important player strategically and in the field of world peace and stability even by the countries that traditionally have been dominating global institutional and constitutional mechanisms.

This change in the world view can be sustained only by maintaining new economic and military strength India has acquired now and by taking due cognizance of the internal and external threats and hindrances to prevent India from marching on the transformational path. The opposition will have to rise to the occasion and play role of a constructive critic in respect of endeavors to achieving the rightful place in the conduct of foreign policy sphere. Invoking help from outside forces like Pakistan against the government needs be shunned unequivocally and reach a consensus on issues pertaining terror, security, defense and economic reforms to face the ground realities.

These issues apart, I think it is the most opportune time for India to build partnership between the state and the society to make a new India. Yes. We have seen in the last almost 70 years of Indian Independence g that the state-led process of social and economic change has been quite tardy and slow. The internal and external image that we acquired was that of a divided society characterized by dissensions, crime, conflicts, poverty, violence and the one incapable to make its own destiny, further inflicted by corruption and a huge rich poor gap.

Now, if we have to dream of a new India, we have to have India free from these viruses that pushed us into a tendentious gorge of hopelessness, haplessness and desperation, and change India into a country of hopes, opportunities and confidence necessitating  collaboration between the government, the opposition, the people , the media and the civil society

In order this to happen, it is incumbent that the political and economic institutions and structures and social ways of behavior also recast themselves, besides putting the agendas and techniques of the opposition and the government in a bi-partisan sphere and agree on creating and sustaining a new national mood.

It would be pertinent to emphasize that the socio-psychological approach to change and development is necessary to effectively deal with the challenges that India is faced with today by inspiring, aiding, provoking and empowering the whole social strata mainly the poorer one to stand up and start up by gaining skills and monetary help from the state They should conceive and implement schemes for their own development according to their capacity, capability and interests.

While I do not aim at going into the whole details of what the Modi Government has done in this direction, still, drawing attention of the country to some of the historical initiatives that are likely to mark an everlasting impact on the life of the rural population as a whole but on the poor specifically. For instance, the Prime Minister’s appeal paid dividends when crores of persons surrendered their Gas subsidy not only to help the poor families but also in the form of causing an attitudinal change among those capable to pay the whole cost of their gas cylinder. Though it was a small gesture on the part of the people’s contribution to amelioration of the lot of the poor, it had sent a big message across the nation.

The second most important impact generating campaign is the Swachhta  Abhiyan, This programme is not about cleanliness alone, it is going to make a big difference to the life of the people, more so of the dalits and the suppressed. It will save them from human and economic miseries. Clean and neat surroundings will save them from many diseases as well as anxieties of life. It will save them from social indignities and exploitations and harassments.

The third noticeable campaign related to fitness India challenge. The idea again is to tell people that by remaining fit they will not only be hale and hearty, they would also improve their economic health. Individual fitness would lead to collective fitness of India. It would add to act as both a preventive and curative system of maintaining health. It would increase the levels of confidence, hope and energy of a person. Let us unite to make it a success. It would be a zero-cost method of making a young, vibrant and glowing new India.

(The writer is Senior Consultant, IGNOU)



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0 #1 Siddheshwar Shukla 2019-05-05 11:43
Excellent piece sir. I think we Indians make a mistake by implying all the positive qualities of modernity. This is not the concept of modernity as proposed, explained and understood by European and Eurocentric colonial intellectuals in India. New India needs to be established as a Post Modern concept and be academically studies as a next stage of Modern India to which Jawaharlal Nehru is considered the father figure.

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